PDF – the parameterized diastolic filling formalism

Echo E-waves and the PDF method is desecribed in these papers, among others

BMC Medical Imaging. 2016;16:60.

Am J Physiol. 1987;252:H178–87.

Chamber properties from transmitral flow: prediction of average and passive left ventricular diastolic stiffness. Lisauskas JB, Singh J, Bowman AW, Kovács SJ.
J Appl Physiol. 2001;91:154–62.

The Kinematic Filling Efficiency Index of the Left Ventricle: Contrasting Normal vs. Diabetic Physiology. Zhang W, Chung CS, Riordan MM, Wu Y, Shmuylovich L, Kovacs SJ. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2007;33:842–50.

A full list of PDF-related work can be found at Kóvacs group’s Cardiovascular Biophysics Laboratory homepage.